The process of transporting, storing, and disposing of hydraulic fracturing is regulated under the different state and federal laws. Contaminated water, which is the largest waste product of fracking is generally treated to take out pollutant and release into water surface and then they are recycled to use on different other fracking tasks or added into the specialized wells. Treatment and discharge of fracking wastewater are regulated under the federal Clean Water Act, which set up the allowing of the standards for facilities for treatment and standard of water quality for the treated water being released back into the water surface.
Regardless of the fact whether the operator chooses to treat, recycle, or discharge the fracking waste, chances are that they will have to be temporarily stored or transported to another facility in order to treat. Gas wastes and oils are not deemed as “hazardous” under the federal act.
To reduce the flow back impact and the quality of the produced water for recycling and reuse purpose, they are transferred to treatment plants. The treatments plants treat the frac water through different wells so that it looks like fresh water. This particular concept was explored in the industry. However, the cost for this solution is quite expensive that includes, capital, transportation, and personnel costs. The water transportation is a matter of concern as the water has to be first collected and transported to the treatment facilities and once it is treated, it has to b transported back to the frac job site. One another way to minimize the work is the treatment of produced water on-site. On-site treatment will help in reducing the risk of environmental damage during the process of transportation. It would also alleviate the problem regarding the surrounding water transportation. On-site wastewater treatment depends on portable wastewater treatment systems that travel from one well to another during the hydraulic fracturing process.
Flowback and produced water related to the shale gas development are managed through the insertion into disposal wells, treatment for specific reuse purpose, or reuse in fracturing processes. This treatment option offers significant opportunity to reduce the use of new water which is particularly effective in the dry region. Discovering the produced water treatment technology, chemistry, and recycling in various shale play is important to control the capability of gas and oil industry’s to reuse the water.
The natural gas and oil industry significantly affect the country’s economy, and it is one of the largest employers and buyers of the goods across nature. This industry also makes several products that are important to our day-to-day life, such as agriculture, transportation, and manufacturing requirements. However, while producing these essential items, our Earth’s greatest and the most vital resource is at risk- water.
Flo-Dynamics water management services have the capability of designing and placement of a modular water treatment system. The transportation of produced water is risky as well as expensive. However, now, with the effective services of Flo-Dynamics, the operators don’t have to worry about the transportation.